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¶ Biblia (1474?)

October 20, 2017

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Biblia. 2 vols. Augsburg: Gunther Zainer, [not after 1474].

Morris wrote two extended commentaries on the book (quoted here from the Perry catalogue) on the flyleaf and some loose sheets of paper:

[Rough notes, with this comment, probably by Sydney Cockerell: “This note was not completed. A draft from an earlier note, on two small sheets, is laid in the volume, the following portions of which were not repeated on the flyleaf Note.”] “The historiated initials stand quite by themselves and are very interesting: the little subjects seem to be designed by Zeiner’s earliest artist, as he may be called, the draughtsman of the Golden Legend. They are good, though ruder than those of his second draughtsman, and tell the story well. The frame work of the letters is throughout very vigorous and highly decorative and logical in design; and altogether these initials must be amongst the best decoration of the early German printed books. The smaller initials are of Gunther Zeiner’s beautiful alphabet, and are used in most of his books. Their design is obviously an adaptation of the ornamental pen letters of this date. Big capitals in red occur throughout the book, and have the appearance of being stamped & not printed. ¶ The colouring has been at first good & judicious, and except for a little emerald green all done with transparent pigments; of which the lake is a particularly pleasant colour. The first initial (to Jerome’s letter) is painted extra carefully & has a very pretty illuminated ornament in the margin of it. ¶ This book has the stamp of the Buxheim monastery with which Gunther Zeiner was in close relation; and he is known to have presented a copy of this very book to it.”

[Note on flyleaf, dated January 1891] “This Augsburg bible printed by Gunther Zainer about 1474 does not seem to have received the attention which it deserves as a woodcut book. Apart from its type, which for a large book must be considered as the best of all black letter, it is a very remarkable book as a work of art. Its handsome ‘blooming letters’ are to be found in many Augsburg books and some printed at Ulm. They are translations in black and white of the illuminators’ pen letters current at the time and a little earlier; but which more or less kept up a still earlier tradition. Of all woodcut letters without figures, these of Gunther Zainer’s are the boldest and best designed, and add very much to the beauty of the books in which they appear. ¶ The third order of capitals which are all red and slightly floriated, are done in printer’s ink and seem to be stamped on the page after the printing: for their ink is uniformly bright, whereas the red printing at the heads of books is often sullied: since it was done at the same time as the black text by wiping away the black ink, and inking the type again with red—which being done insufficiently blackened the red in some cases almost to a brown. See Blades on this point. ¶ But the speciality of this bible is the series of historiated initials at the head of each book, which are so good and so ‘distinguished’ that they render it an important woodcut book. It is true that the figure work in them is inferior in drawing and general interest to the work of the designer of the cuts in the Aesop, the ‘de Claris Mulieribus’ or the Speculum Vitæ Humanæ: they are in fact rather illuminators’ pictures than woodcut designers’. The letters however are in general effect remarkably good; and, especially in the pattern-work, quite reach the high water-mark of 15th century design, and I consider them on the whole the best historiated Capitals of the period. ¶ These letters in this copy are coloured; and it would seem that this was done before it left the bookseller’s shelf; if it was not done in the printer’s workshop. The copy at the Brit: Mus: [British Museum] is coloured systematically just as this is; except that in this copy some one has come after the first colourist with a vermillion brush (vermillion is not used in the original systematic colouring) and has added that strong colour in some of the letters, by no means to their improvement; though, I take it, this blunder was was committed soon after the volume left the printer’s. For the rest I think an unprejudiced person will think that the colouring of the pre-vermillion very much improves the letters; this can easily be tested by reference to one initial, that of the Psalter, which has somehow been left uncoloured. ¶ I give as excellent examples of these letters the following: [. . .]”

Provenance: Carthusian monastery at Buxheim, Germany (presentation copy from Zainer). — Morris (acquired by January 1891). — Richard Bennett. — Sotheby 1898, lot 180 (sold to Quaritch for £80). — Marsden Perry. — Perry sale, American Art Association, 11 March 1956 lot 32. — John Saks. — Saks sale, Christie (New York), 1 October 1980, lot 78. — Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas (Incun 1475 B471z).

References: Ellis valuation, fol. 2b, no. 22 (£80). — ISTC (ib00627000). — Marsden Perry List, pp. 33–34.

Digital version: BSB (vol. 1; vol. 2).

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Sotheby 1898:

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¶ Vegio and St. Basil

April 20, 2017

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[1] Vegio, Maffeo [Maphaeus Vegius]. Philalethes. [Nuremberg: Johann Müller, c. 1474–75.]

References: Fairfax Murray Catalogue (German) 2, no. 458. — ISTC (iv00114000).

Digital version: BSB.

[2] Basil, Saint [Basilius Magnus]. De legendis antiquorum libris. [Nuremberg : Johann Müller, c. 1474.]

References: Fairfax Murray Catalogue (German) 2, no. 421. — ISTC (ib00272000).

Digital version: BSB.


Inscribed “to Charles Fairfax Murray from William Morris 1895.”.

Provenance: Benedictbeuren Abbey near Munich. — Morris. — Charles Fairfax Murray (gift from Morris, 1895). — Sotheby, 18 July 1919 (sold to Quaritch for £11). — Volbehr. — Huntington Library (84743) and Huntington Library (84744) [purchased from Volbehr, 21 March 1925].

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¶ Ovid — Opera (1474)

January 12, 2017

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Ovid [Publius Ovidius Naso]. Opera. Ed. Johannes Calphurnius. 3 vols. [Venice]: Jacobus Rubeus, [before December] 1474.

Provenance: Earls of Sunderland. — Sunderland sale, Sotheby, 6 November 1882, lot 9111. — Morris. — Richard Bennett. — Sotheby 1898, lot 923 (sold to Maggs for £20). — J. R. Ritman. — Ritman sale, Sotheby, 5 December 1901, lot 78. — C. S. Ascherson. — H. R. Creswick. — Creswick sale, Sotheby, 27 April 1982, lot 473. — George Abrams. — Abrams sale, Sotheby, 16 November 1989, lot 92. — Unlocated.

Reference: ISTC (io00128000).

Digital version: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.


Sotheby 1898:

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¶ Rolevinck — Fasciculus temporum (1474?)

November 2, 2016

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Rolevinck, Werner [Werner Rolewinck]. Fasciculus temporum. [Cologne]: Nicolaus Götz, [not before 1474].

Illustrated.

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library [deaccessioned]. — Unlocated.

References: ISTC (ir00253000). — Morgan Catalogue 1, no. 94.

Digital version: ULD.

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¶ Pharetra doctorum et philosophorum (c. 1473–74?)

July 31, 2015

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Pharetra doctorum et philosophorum. [Nuremberg]: Friedrich Creussner, [c. 1473–1474?].

Provenance: Franciscan monastery at Kelheim. — A. M. Ledeboer. — Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL419).

References: ISTC (ip00572000). — Morgan Catalogue 1, no. 174.

Digital version: ULD.

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¶ Rolevinck — Fasciculus temporum (1474?)

July 24, 2015

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Rolevinck, Werner [Werner Rolewinck]. Fasciculus temporum. [Cologne]: Nicolaus Götz, [not before 1474].

Illustrated.

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL225).

References: ISTC (ir00253000). — Morgan Catalogue 1, no. 94.

Digital version: VdI.

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¶ Epistolae et Evangelia (1474)

May 4, 2015

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Epistolae et Evangelia (Plenarium). Augsburg: Johann Bämler, 20 September 1474.

Illustrated.

Provenance: William Bateman. — Thomas Bateman. — Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL312).

References: Ellis valuation, fol. 3b, no. 27 (£50). — ISTC (ie00073000). — Morgan Catalogue 1, no. 132.

Digital version: BSB.

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¶ Henry of Gorkum — De praedestinatione (1474)

April 28, 2015

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Henry of Gorkum [Henricus de Gorichem]. De praedestinatione et reprobatione divina. [Esslingen: Conrad Fyner], 1474.

Provenance: Walter Young. — Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL466).

References: ISTC (ih00022000). — Morgan Catalogue 1, no. 192.

Digital version: BSB.

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¶ Sallust — Opera (1474)

April 6, 2015

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Sallust [Gaius Sallustius Crispus]. Opera. Venice: Johannes de Colonia and Johannes Manthen, 23 March 1474.

Provenance: Joachim Gomez de la Cortina, marqués de Morante. — Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL825).

References: ISTC (is00056000). — Morgan Catalogue 2, no. 307.

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¶ Sallust — Opera (c. 1474)

April 6, 2015

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Sallust [Gaius Sallustius Crispus]. Opera. [Basel: Martin Flach (printer of Basel), c. 1474.]

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL1375).

References: ISTC (is00058000). — Morgan Catalogue 1, no. 223. — MS catalogue (2), no. 951, p. 87 (with an X beside it).

Digital: BSB.

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¶ Vocabularius (1474?)

March 5, 2015

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Vocabularius. [Augsburg: Günther Zainer, not after 1474.]

Latin and German.

Provenance: William H. Crawford. — Morris. — Richard Bennett. — Sotheby 1898, lot 1199 (sold to Henry Wellcome for £3 12s.). — Henry Wellcome. — Wellcome Library (Closed stores EPB Incunabula 5.d.26 (SR)).

References: ISTC (iv00322000). — Poynter, no. 600.

Digital version: BSB.


Sotheby 1898:

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¶ Viola sanctorum (c. 1474)

February 3, 2015

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Viola sanctorum. [Basel: Bernhard Richel, c. 1474.]

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL1372).

References: ISTC (im00333000). — Morgan Catalogue 1, no. 222.

Digital version: BSB.

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¶ Pelagius — De planctu ecclesiae (1474)

December 23, 2014

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Pelagius, Alvarus. De planctu ecclesiae. Ulm: Johann Zainer, 26 October 1474.

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — Sotheby 1898, lot 939 (sold to Henry Wellcome for £3 16s.). — Henry Wellcome. — Wellcome Library (Closed stores EPB Incunabula  3.f.9 (SR)).

References: ISTC (ip00249000). — Poynter, no. 409.

Digital version: BSB.


Sotheby 1898:

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¶ Hugo de Sancto Victore — Didascalicon (1474?)

December 11, 2014

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Hugo de Sancto Victore. Didascalicon de studio legendi et alia opuscula. [Strassburg: printer of Henricus Ariminensis (Georg Reyser?), not after 1474.]

Provenance: Earl of Hopetoun. — Morris. — Richard Bennett. — Sotheby 1898, lot 713 (sold to Henry Wellcome for £4 6s.). — Henry Wellcome. — Wellcome Library (Closed stores EPB Incunabula 3.d.13 (SR)).

References: ISTC (ih00532000). — Poynter, no. 312.


Sotheby 1898:

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¶ St. Thomas Aquinas — Quaestiones de duodecim quodlibet (1474)

October 7, 2014

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Aquinas, Thomas, Saint. Quaestiones de duodecim quodlibet. Nuremberg: Johann Sensenschmidt and Andreas Frisner, 15 April 1474.

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — Sotheby 1898, lot 1166 (sold to Tregaskis for £3 3s.). — Tregaskis catalogue, 18 September 1899, no. 186 (6 guineas). — Charles Lauriat Company (sold to J. M. Fox, 29 March 1901). — J. M. Fox. — W. Logan Fox. — Free Library of Philadelphia (Rare Book Department, INC. SUPP.) [gift from Fox, 1947].

Reference: ISTC (it00184000).

Digital version: BSB.


Sotheby 1898:

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¶ Bersuire — Liber Bibliae moralis (1474)

September 26, 2014

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Bersuire, Pierre [Petrus Berchorius]. Liber Bibliae moralis. Ulm: Johann Zainer, 9 April 1474.

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — Sotheby 1898, lot 160 (sold to Clarke for £3 5s.). — Unlocated.

Reference: ISTC (ib00336000).

Digital version: BSB.


Sotheby 1898:

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¶ Ficino — De Christiana religione (c. 1474–75)

September 24, 2014

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Ficino, Marsilio [Marcilius Ficinus]. De Christiana religione. [Florence: Nicolaus Laurentii Alamanus, 1474 or early 1475.]

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL1107).

References: ISTC (if00150000). — Morgan Catalogue 2, no. 397.

Digital version: Warburg Institute.

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¶ Crescenzi — Ruralia commoda (1474)

September 24, 2014

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Crescenzi, Pietro de’ [Petrus de Crescentiis]. Ruralia commoda. Louvain: Johannes de Westfalia, 9 December 1474.

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL1677).

References: ISTC (ic00966000). — Morgan Cat. 3, no. 627.

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¶ St. Basil — De legendis antiquorum libris (c. 1474)

September 11, 2014

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Basil, Saint [Basilius Magnus]. De legendis antiquorum libris, sive De liberalibus studiis. Trans. Leonardus Brunus Aretinus. [Nuremberg: Johann Müller of Königsberg (Regiomontanus), c. 1474.]

Provenance: Georg Kloss. — Kloss sale, Sotheby, 7 May 1835, lot 589. — Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL431).

References: ISTC (ib00272000). — Morgan Cat. 1, no. 172.

Digital version: BSB.

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¶ St. Antoninus — Confessionale (1474?)

September 5, 2014

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Antoninus, Saint [Antoninus Florentinus]. Confessionale: Defecerunt scrutantes scrutinio. [Esslingen]: Conrad Fyner, [not after 1474].

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL468).

References: ISTC (ia00799000). — Morgan Cat. 1, no. 192A.

Digital version: BSB.

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¶ St. Albertus, Magnus — Sermones de tempore et de sanctis (1474)

September 4, 2014

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Albertus, Magnus, Saint. Sermones de tempore et de sanctis. Cologne: Arnold Ther Hoernen, 24 December 1474.

Provenance: Rev. J. A. Williams. — Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL197).

References: ISTC (ia00327000). — Morgan Catalogue 1, no. 93.

Digital version: VdI.

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¶ Boccaccio — De claris mulieribus (c. 1474–75)

August 25, 2014

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Boccaccio, Giovanni. De claris mulieribus. [Strassburg: Georg Husner, c. 1474–75.]

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — Sotheby 1898, lot 193 (sold to Dawson for £1 14s.). — Unlocated.

Reference: ISTC (ib00717000).

Digital version: BSB.


Sotheby 1898:

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¶ St. Albertus Magnus — Mariale (1474?)

July 11, 2014

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Albertus Magnus, Saint. Mariale. [Basel: Michael Wenssler, not after 1474.]

Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — Sotheby 1898, lot 114 (sold to Dobson for £1 16s.). — George Dunn. — Vollbehr. —  Huntington Library (102158) [purchased from Vollbehr, 7 May 1925].

Reference: ISTC (ia00273000).

Digital version: ULD.


Sotheby 1898:

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St. Bernard (1474) and St. Cyprianus (c. 1477)

June 2, 2014

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The following titles are bound together:

[1] Bernard, of Clairvaux, Saint [Bernardus, Claravallensis]. De consideratione. [Utrecht: Nicolaus Ketelaer and Gerardus de Leempt, 1474.]

Reference: ISTC (ib00367000).

[2] Cyprianus, Saint. Opera. [Deventer: Richardus Pafraet, c. 1477.]

Reference: ISTC (ic01012000).


Provenance: Morris. — Richard Bennett. — Sotheby 1898, lot 166 (sold to Chadwick for £1 12s.) — Unlocated.


Sotheby 1898:

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¶ Guilelmus Peraldus — Summa de vitiis (1474?)

May 20, 2014

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Guilelmus Peraldus. Summa de vitiis. [Basel: Berthold Ruppel, not after 1474].

Provenance: James Elwin Millard. — Morris. — Richard Bennett. — Sotheby 1898, lot 933 (sold to Henry Wellcome for £2 10s.). — Henry Wellcome. — Wellcome Library (Closed stores EPB Incunabula 4.d.4 (SR)).

References: ISTC. — Poynter, no. 406.

Digital version: BSB.


Sotheby 1898:

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¶ Barlaam et Josaphat (1474?)

February 21, 2014

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Barlaam et Josaphat. [Strassburg: Heinrich Eggestein, not after 1474.]

Provenance: Edward Shipperdson. — Morris. — Richard Bennett. — J. Pierpont Morgan. — Morgan Library (ChL93).

References: ISTC (ib00126000); Morgan Catalogue 1, no. 45.

Digital version: BSB.

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